Marijuana is legal in some states however it is still illegal to drive while under the influence of marijuana. For example - where alcohol is legal to purchase it is not legal to drive under the influence of alcohol.
Associate Administrator for Research and Program Development, NHTSA
"Marijuana is the number one illicit drug used in America"
Past Month Illicit Drug Use Among Persons Aged 12 or Older (Source: SAMHSA 2010)
THC is believed to be responsible for most of the characteristic psychoactive effects of cannabis. (NHTSA)
The Concentration of THC in Marijuana is three times more powerful than in the 1980's. (drugscience.org)
Marijuana use starts younger and younger
The use of Marijuana by drivers has increased by almost 50% since 2007
Source: National Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers, conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration – February 2015
Growing demand from law enforcement for more effective tools to combat drugged driving
- Officers report increasing number of drivers who are stopped because of erratic driving, show impairment but have very low or zero blood alcohol concentrations
- Many of these officers believe drivers are impaired by other drugs, but feel they do not have sufficient legal tools to gain convictions for DUID
- Experts say seasoned users are less impaired with more marijuana in their blood and newer users are going to be impaired with less marijuana in their blood.
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Drug Per Se Laws: A Review of Their Use in States
AN EXISTING SOLUTION TO MARIJUANA DETECTION
In the September 11, 2014 ABC News World News Tonight newscast, Clayton Sandell reported from Denver that, “There is no breathalyzer test and results from drawing blood can take weeks.”
CBS News Correspondent Barry Peterson reported on 'CBS This Morning' on March 16, 2014 that “Marijuana does however, have a limit - five nanograms of active THC in your blood, but the only way to measure whether someone has reached or passed that limit is in a hospital with a blood test.”
Drug Evaluation and Classification (DEC) Program was developed to arrest and convict drivers impaired by drugs other than alcohol
All 50 states now have DEC Programs
18 states have zero tolerence or non-zero per se laws for marijuana
3 states – California, New York and Hawaii – separate driving under the influence of alcohol, under the influence of a drug, and under the combined influence of alcohol and a drug as part of their impaired driving statute
Source: Governors Highway Safety Association April 2015
As compared to obtaining a Blood Alcohol Content using a breathalyzer at the scene, the DEC process takes place by taking the driver to the police station where he provides a sample of blood. The results of the blood test are not available at the time of the test so the driver is often released until the results are obtained which sometimes take weeks.
OUR SOLUTION TO THE UNMET NEED
The Nanobeak Sensor
Works with multiple devices
In response to the unmet need, we are developing a mobile Bluetooth sensor and Application to detect Marijuana on the breath
- Non-invasive, no side effects
- Works with any smartphone, tablet or laptop
- Self-flushes after each use enabling access to another application or screening of another person involved in the accident
- Monthly cost for each law enforcement department will be very low per officer per month
- “Just Breathe” – screening will take place with a simple breath exhalation by the driver in the field supervised by the law enforcement officer
- The Nanobeak Sensor will give law enforcement the right tool, at the right place, at the right time to facilitate decision making
- The one time cost of the sensor will be reasonable for the law enfocement departments
- Results are automatically shown on the screen, appear on the law enforcement officer's smartphone, tablet or laptop and can be evaluated by the law enforcement officer instantly in real time
- The results can also be emailed directly to the booking station should the driver be determined to be DUID and maintained for future court use
HOW THE DEVICE WORKS
The Marijuana Sensor Delivers Great Value to Both Drivers and Pedestrians
Higher Safety Rate With Routine Testing
Fewer Accidents and Fatalities with Greater Awareness
The Marijuana Sensor Delivers Great Value to Law Enforcement Departments
Reduced Operational Costs forLaw Enforcement Departments
Law Enforcement Benefits from Fast, Accurate Results at a Fraction of the Cost
Just as they currently are able to establish a driver’s BAC at the scene of an accident, The Nanobeak Sensor, when available, will enable law enforcement to secure immediate and accurate results regarding the driver involved in an accident who may be impaired as a result of Marijuana.
Outtakes Seattle Insider - Stoned drivers hit test course
Published February 12, 2013 by Seattle Insider which is part of KIRO TV 7 in Seattle Washington.
KIRO TV 7 in Seattle Washington did a test of stoned drivers on a special driving course in February 2013 and the Seattle Insider (part of KIROTV7) put together some video outtakes of the complete driving test along with the driver’s conclusion of driving under the influence of Marijuana.
Initially she smoked .3 of a gram of marijuana and she said “I don’t feel stoned, I just have extreme cotton mouth.”
She hit a cone while driving.
Then she smoked .6 of a gram of marijuana and she said “I didn’t hit the brake this is like a video game.” Then she smoked .9 of a gram of marijuana – the driving instructor had to grab the wheel from her.” He said, “she went around that curve pretty fast and her ability has mostly deteriorated.”
Then she smoked 1.4 grams of marijuana and she said “way more stoned and definitely should not be driving.”
At the end of the test Addy embraced the opportunity to get behind the wheel on a closed course while under the influence of marijuana to show others how it affects people.
She believes strongly that people should not get behind the wheel while high on marijuana.
Teenage suspect accused of driving stoned charged with vehicular homicide
Source: On March 17, 2015 Fox31 KDVR-TV in Denver ran a TV video newscast with anchors Boris Sanchez and Deborah Takahara and reporter Jon Bowman about a teenage suspect accused of driving stoned charged with vehicular homicide.
Fox 31 Denver Colorado - March 15, 2015
BROOMFIELD, Colo. - For the first time in state history a driver accused of being stoned behind the wheel faces vehicular homicide charges.
The suspect is just 16 years old.
Police say the teen had been smoking with friends before driving on November 3, 2014. After just one-half block, investigators say he hit and killed Chad Britton, a Broomfield High School student who was getting his lunch.
After the crash, all four people in the car took off running.
“It takes all your faculties to operate a motor vehicle, so when you have cell phone use, extra people in the car distracting you, and alleged drug use, obviously it becomes very difficult to operate a motor vehicle within the confines of the law,” Britton family attorney Charles Mauro said.
An evidence hearing held Tuesday means the case will likely go to trial. Arraignment for the suspect is set for early April 2015.